Archives of (in)hospitality: a multilingual glossary on the bordering of communities and alternative visions of living-together

  • Researcher: Verena LINDEMANN LINO
  • Period of the research: 2022-2025
  • Scientific fields: Cultural & Literary Studies

Abstract

Hospitality is evoked in political and philosophical debates about social relations and the ways communities relate to their others: the stranger, the tourist, the (im)migrant, the refugee. Academics within humanities and social sciences have emphasized the link between hospitality and questions related to processes of belonging and exclusion, citizenship, human rights or the treatment of migrants and/or refugees (cf. Derrida 2000a; Rosello 2001; Dikeç 2002; Benhabib 2004; Still 2010; Agier 2018). The present research proposal engages in this ongoing debate, but deploys a particular theoretical approach that seeks to inquire into the lasting effects of modern thought on the organization and institutionalization of anthropological difference in contemporary societies. Working within the realm of comparative literary and cultural studies, this project aims to examine the role of literature and interrelated aesthetic practices in (re)articulating (in)hospitality. Organized as a multilingual glossary, it examines how concepts such as “Postmigration”, “broken language”, “archipels”, “Afropean” or “unlearning” are mobilized and translated by different international writers and thinkers to come to terms with dominant forms of community and envision alternative modes of living together. Explicitly addressing multiple sites of inquiry, it seeks to explore alternative vocabularies and archives – in the sense of depositories of past experiences and epistemological projects – for thinking about community, exclusion and the hierarchization of groups of humans.

Keywords

Hospitality, literary negotiations, incorporation and exclusion, determinacy, difference, hierarchization

 


 

History of Portuguese literary journalism: news reports and journalists

  • Researcher: Manuel COUTINHO
  • Period of the research: 2022-2025
  • Scientific field: Communication Studies

Abstract

In Portugal, literary journalism found its voice at the end of the 19th Century, namely with narratives by journalist-writers, such as those by Batalha Reis and Ramalho Ortigão during the Monarchy, Hermano Neves and Reinaldo Ferreira during the Republic, Mário Neves and Edite Soeiro during the Estado Novo, Fernando Dacosta and Maria António Fiadeiro, post-Carnation Revolution, and Paulo Moura and Susana Moreira Marques at the present moment. Despite the noticeable growth in the study of this topic, the history of Portuguese literary journalism still requires a formal and detailed analysis. This project hopes to fill this gap, through articles published in scientific journals, oral presentations in conferences and meetings, and the construction of an academic discipline. Regarding the latter, it will be important to shed light on journalistic reports written over time, so we can gain some perspective on the historical evolution of this type of journalism in Portugal since its early days. Moreover, it will also be relevant in lending visibility to contemporary journalists, through an understanding of the experience and perspective of the reporters in the field – an analysis which will add a practical and pragmatic component to the study. The aim is not only to interview these journalists, but to welcome them on campus as well, in order to generate fruitful discussions and hopefully to inspire students.

Keywords

Literary journalism, Portugal, historical evolution, interviews, dialogues, new discipline

 


 

Conflicted Arts+Politics

  • Researcher: Luísa SANTOS
  • Period of the research: 2019-2025
  • Scientific fields: Cultural Studies & Visual Arts

Abstract

Conflicted Arts+Politics is part of CECC’s Conflicted Humanities research project and follows on from the developments and results of the European cooperation project, 4C's: from Conflict to Conviviality through Creativity and Culture. It was designed in the fields of Cultural Studies and Visual Arts in light of the contemporary political reality, namely its human, social and economic dimensions. Our world is shaped by countless challenges and conflicts of various kinds, namely wars, crises, fake news, and oppressive regimes, all of which demand urgent action. Visual artists, particularly since Modernism, have responded to the world around them through their research and production practices. But what can they do in a contemporary world in which political participation is equated with apathy? Essentially, the goal of this research is to go further and to critically ponder some of the main results of the 4C’s initiative: (i) the work created by contemporary activist artists is being progressively inscribed in the political domain; (ii) there seems to be a relationship between government support of the Arts and the transformational power of the Arts in the political realm. Following on from these statements, a major reflection will be fostered on the artists' responses and actions towards political systems. In particular, the analysis is expected to contribute to the acknowledgement of how research and artistic production about and under censorship, post-censorship and oppression, post-oppression, colonial and post-colonial political regimes, are conducted.

Keywords

Arts, politics, contemporaneity, research and production, artistic practices, political systems

 


 

Humans of New York

  • Researcher: Jessica ROBERTS
  • Period of the research: 2019-2025
  • Scientific fields: Communication & Media Studies

At the turn of the 21st century, tools to easily capture and share content online became widely accessible, free and easy-to-use, leading to a growing interest in citizens being able to contribute to public information. Citizen journalism became the focus of a great deal of attention from professional journalists, media critics, academics, and the public. However, especially on websites, the media companies generally started to promote the idea that journalism is “easy” and anyone can do it, rather than emphasizing the responsibilities that users accept when sharing information with the public. This is to say that while citizens were offered an opportunity to participate, they were given to believe that this participation required little effort or training, and implied no responsibilities. This research will evaluate how users are positioned by the technical demands and the user agreements of the biggest social media sites. The analysis will consider one main challenge: the tension between what is profitable – making access easy and quick, therefore maximizing the number of users on a platform – and what is in the best interests of an informed citizenry in a democratic society – creating some barriers to access in order to oblige users to make more effort and accept a level of responsibility more than simply not breaking the law. Ultimately, this project hopes to help understand the potential of journalists and social media users to cultivate empathy, and to sustain an argument about the responsibilities of, and ethics codes guiding the behavior of, both journalists and citizens sharing content in any medium.

Keywords

Social media, journalism, online users, ethics, citizen journalism

 


 

Gender discriminations and inequalities faced by Nepalese migrant women in Portugal

  • Researcher: Alexandra PEREIRA
  • Period of research: 2022-2024
  • Scientific framework: Integral Human Development

Abstract

This study aims to diagnose and analyze types of gender discrimination against Nepalese migrant women in Portugal and the inequalities they face. The theoretical background is based on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (UN, 2017), the capabilities approach (Nussbaum, 2001), the Feminist theory (Kristeva, 1982; Irigaray, 1993; Bartkowsky, 1999; Ettinger, 2006), women’s studies, an intersectional approach (Crenshaw, 1989; Collins, 2015) and transnational intersectionality (Grabe, 2012), together with a number of papers approaching the marginalization of Nepalese women elsewhere and their integration in Portugal. The research follows a qualitative, intersectional and interpretative approach, combining participant observation, the field diary and the ethnographic method. Thirty (30) semi-structured and in-depth interviews with twenty (20) first generation and ten (10) second generation migrant Nepalese women in Portugal will be applied. In what regards the research question, it is the following: what are the main inequalities and discriminations faced by Nepalese migrant women in Portugal, the main resources used by them and the main capabilities which can be developed together with them (to avoid the reproduction of inequalities)?

Keywords

Gender inequality, capabilities, female migrants, Nepalese women

 


 

More conection: resilience in transnational families 

  • Researcher: Carlos BARROS
  • Period of research: 2022-2024
  • Scientific framework: Integral Human Development

Abstract

This research aims to explore (e)migration as a collective project, with the aim of improving the well-being and the integration of (e)migrants, as well as of the parents who remain in the country of origin, since family (or the closest available network) is usually the first source of social support in any kind of migration, thus having a more direct or indirect impact on society. For the intercultural understanding of this social phenomenon, it will be fundamental to analyse the relevance of intergenerational solidarity, and the connection, adaptation and social cohesion in the dynamics between the two generations. Furthermore, the study will consider the emergent digital adaptation, which tends to reduce that gap. For (e)migrants, it leads to a delay in their autonomy as young adults; for those who stay, it translates into a precarious aging process. Two qualitative, complementary studies will be conducted: (i) one with the parent generation who stayed in Portugal, while their offspring emigrated to Europe; (ii) another with young adults who emigrated to Europe and who have at least one parent still living in Portugal. Additionally, a theoretical study will be prepared with the aim of exploring the outlines of that same social phenomenon in other cultural realities.

Keywords

Emigration, generational gap, intergenerational solidarity, adaptation, cohesion

 


 

The emigration-immigration nexus: public framing of the migration phenomenon in Portugal and its social impact  

  • Researcher: Ester MINGA
  • Period of research: 2022-2024
  • Scientific framework: Integral Human Development

Abstract

The goal of this project is to identify and critically analyze how social representations of the phenomenon of migration are connected in their various dimensions, thus influencing attitudes and perceptions about migrants. The Portuguese reality, as a country that is known for creating generations of emigrants and as a point of arrival for several migratory groups (Peixoto et al., 2016) will be considered from a structural perspective. The research will focus on five contemporary trends: the decrease of immigration and the vast increase of emigration between 2010 and 2015; migration for humanitarian reasons (especially the “refugee crisis” of 2015 and its reemergence in 2021); the migration of European citizens (following Brexit, in 2016); and the consequences from the COVID-19 pandemic. At a first stage, an analysis will be conducted on how the Portuguese press portrayed such issues, through both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. Later, the study will include focus groups with segments of the population, as well as semi-structured interviews with journalists. The research will start from the following hypothesis: the public framing of the migration phenomenon takes on different patterns, since it represents various aspects of Portuguese emigration and immigration.

Keywords

Framework, social representations, migration colonialism, Portugal

 


 

The fundamental in Fernando Namora: an artistic-literary collection

  • Researcher: Suzie MARRA
  • Period of the research: 2022-2024
  • Scientific fields: Arts & Culture

Abstract

This project is a partnership between the programme of post-graduate studies in Literature and Literary Criticism of Universidade Católica de São Paulo, in Brazil, and the research group Literature and the Global Contemporary at CECC-Universidade Católica Portuguesa, in Portugal. It aims to broaden the study of the Portuguese writer Fernando Namora (1919-1989), and to gain a new perspective on his artistic-literary creation. The goal is to re-read the author’s work, and to meet him anew, to better understand the key elements and the key concepts that underlie Namora’s work and which have led to various critical approaches and categorization as part of specific literary and philosophical currents, such as Neorealism or Humanism. Therefore, essentially, we hope that this project can add to and, thus, reinvigorate the already existent knowledge on the work of a particularly relevant 20th-century Portuguese writer. An edited volume will present a selection of his varied output, from paintings, drawings and poetry to his well-known literary essays, in the hope that it may become available to a wider audience and equally to a new generation of readers.

Keywords

Fernando Namora, artistic work, literary work, edited volume

 


 

Ana Hatherly: to translate, to be translated

  • Researcher: Serena CACCHIOLI
  • Period of the research: 2022-2024
  • Scientific field: Translation Studies

Abstract

This research project focuses on the study of concepts such as translation, rewriting and transcreation, questioning the role and the significance of translation in the writing of authors who are also translators. The specific study case is that of Ana Hatherly, whose translational work will be divided into interlinguistic translation, intralinguistic translation, intersemiotic translation and free recreations, in order to develop a critical perspective on the translational choices made by the author, depending on the kind of text, the author and the context in which Hatherly’s translations where produced. Ana Hatherly’s work is of particular interest for Translation Studies, given that her original works were also translated into other languages, that she kept a continuous correspondence with her translators, and that her letters can be found in the author’s personal collection in the archives at Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. One of the goals will be to edit these letters and pursue a critical study of the issues discussed by the author and her translators, not only on Hatherly’s work, but also regarding translation and the free recreation of texts.

Keywords

Ana Hatherly, author-translator, translation, critical study, editions of personal letters

 


 

Surveying Lusophone cultures: Luso-Brazilian women translators in the Circum-Atlantic world

  • Researcher: Patrícia ANZINI
  • Period of the research: 2019-2024
  • Scientific fields: Literary & Translation Studies

Abstract

This project examines the larger importance of a few Luso-Brazilian women to transnational Lusophone cultures and circuits of conviviality of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It reveals the pioneering role they played in either creating, disrupting, or understanding conflict and representations of difference and identity between Portugal and Brazil through the practice of translation and criticism. The research draws on overlooked and inaccessible materials, including alternative newspapers, marginalia, correspondence, and journals. These unofficial vehicles of intercultural dialogue functioned as incubators of other forms of conviviality by which new solidarities among women within the circum-Atlantic World came into being. These solidarities refashion the more official circuit of cultural exchange between Portugal and Brazil as they illuminate the ways conflict and identity brought an understructure of Luso-Brazilian culture into view. Ultimately, this project seeks to understand how the work by these women relate to issues of the global present, including conflictual categories of gender, difference, and interculturalism.

Keywords

Cultural exchanges, Portugal and Brazil, conflict, difference, identity, women translators

 


 

Research methodologies on television drama: a diachronic study of the research methodologies and techniques used by Observatório Ibero-Americano da Ficção Televisiva (OBITEL)

  • Researcher: Cláudia FREIRE
  • Period of the research: 2022-2023
  • Scientific field: Communication Studies

Abstract

Progressively, and within the Iberian-American communications field, OBITEL has grown as a network for international research which produces and compares both quantitatively- and qualitatively-collected data, in order to identify similarities and particularities, adaptations and reappropriations between different national television narratives produced and presented in each country. It is thus an intercultural comparative study that enables us to become aware of each country’s representation of its own society and of others through scripted television productions, or of indicators of their daily construction and reconstruction of elements of their cultural identity. Based on these results, OBITEL is able to assemble a broad, in-depth image of the economic power of television drama over time. This research project aims to produce a diachronic historical analysis of the methodologies used in each of the annual reports published by OBITEL for the study of the field, particularly from 2007 to 2020. Its main question is: which are the research methodologies and techniques most used by countries to generate the immense amount of data available on television drama? From this, the next goal is to understand whether the cultural production of drama has had an influence, for each specific year, over methodological choices. In general, the research hypothesis is that there is a close connection between how the televised product is presented and the researchers’ methodological choices.

Keywords

OBITEL, drama, television, research methodologies and techniques

 

 

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